Throat and Head and Neck Surgeries

facial nerve palsy

facial nerve palsyFacial Nerve Injuries and Paralysis There are actually two facial nerves, one on each side of the head. The facial nerve or 7th cranial nerve is known as a "cranial nerve" since it starts in the brain. It then sends branches out to the face, neck, salivary glands (secrete saliva into the mouth), and the outer ear. A normal functioning facial nerve allows us to move our face and neck (smile, frown, wrinkle our nose and forehead), secrete saliva, lets the front of the tongue "taste" food, and makes us cough when something is placed in the ear.

Coin the throat

Coin the throatSmall children swallow coins and it is very common all over the world. Although coins are stuck in the food passage,child may get breathing difficulty due to compression of the air way. Therefore it is necessary to take the child to hospital as soon as possible. In the hospital, coin will be removed under anesthesia.

Parotid gland

Parotid glandParotid salivary gland is situated at the root of the ear lobe. The facial nerve which supplies the muscles of facial expression is under the gland. Among all the salivary glands, Parotid has the highest incidence of tumours. To diagnose parotid swellings, ultra sound scanning and fine needle aspiration biopsy helps. Sometimes CT and MRI scans are done to decide the depth of tumour and the spread to the surrounding tissue.
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