Throat and Head and Neck Surgeries

torus palatinus

torus palatinusTorus palatinus is a bony growth on the palate, usually present on the midline of the hard palate. Palatal tori are more common in Asian and Inuit populations, and twice more common in females. Palatal tori are usually a clinical finding with no treatment necessary.[2] It is possible for ulcers to form on the area of the tori due to repeated trauma. Also, the tori may complicate the fabrication of dentures. If removal of the tori is needed, surgery can be done to reduce the amount of bone present.

TONGUE CANCER

TONGUE CANCER

The tongue is divided into 2 separate anatomical areas, the oral tongue is the part that can be moved. The base of tongue is the part which cannot be seen during examination of the mouth.The cancer of tongue is usually located on the side border, of the oral tongue. It is usually ulcerated and is grayish-pink to red in color. It will often bleed easily if bitten or touched. Small cancers of the oral tongue can be quickly and successfully treated by surgical removal leaving behind little cosmetic or functional change.

ULCER OF TONGUE

ULCER OF TONGUE

MUCOCOELE OF LIP

MUCOCOELE OF LIPAn oral mucocele, is a swelling consisting of collected mucin from a ruptured salivary gland duct, which is usually caused by local trauma. It has a bluish translucent color, and is more commonly found in children and young adults.The size of oral mucoceles vary from 1 mm to several centimeters. Their duration lasts from days to years, and may have recurrent swelling with occasional rupturing of its contents.Some mucoceles spontaneously resolve on their own after a short time. Others are chronic and require surgical removal.

GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

Cleft Palate

Cleft  Palate

PERITONSILLAR ABSCESS

PERITONSILLAR  ABSCESS

A peritonsillar abscess forms in the tissues of the throat next to the tonsils.

Ranula

RanulaA ranula is a swelling found on the floor of the mouth. They present as a swelling of collected mucin from a ruptured salivary gland duct, which is usually caused by local trauma. The latin rana means frog, and a ranula is so named because its appearance is sometimes compared to a frog's underbelly.The gland that most likely causes a ranula is the sublingual gland.Rarely submandibular gland may be involved.

USE OF CPAP MACHINE IN OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNOEA

USE OF CPAP MACHINE IN OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNOEAThe first picture shows normal open air way during sleep.Air enters through nose and goes to trachea. The tongue and the palate is in normal position.
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