Throat and Head and Neck Surgeries

Throat and Head and Neck Surgeries

Dysphagia due to Anaemia

Dysphagia due to AnaemiaIron Defeciency anaemia,difficulty in swallowing due oesophageal web , smooth tongue (glossitis) and spoon shaped nails are associated together as a syndrome called Plummer Vinson Syndrome. Patients are post menapausal women.They present with dysphagia and burning sensation of mouth. Barium swallow shows the web. Treated by correction of anaemia with iron supplements and dilatation of the web by passing a rigid tube oesophagoscope.THis condition is pre malignant. Patients need life long follow up for oesophageal cancer.

Heimlic's manouvre

Heimlic's manouvre

SUB MANDIBULAR SALIVARY GLAND SWELLING

SUB MANDIBULAR SALIVARY GLAND SWELLINGThere is a visible lump below the jaw. This swelling is due to enlargement of submandibular salivary gland. There are six salivary glands in the body. Parotid glands are situated behind the ear. Submandibular salivary glands are situated under the mandible. Sub lingual salivary glands are situated under the tongue.

Intubation Granuloma

Intubation  Granuloma

IMPACTED WISDOM TEETH - PANORAMIC VIEW

IMPACTED WISDOM TEETH - PANORAMIC VIEWWhen a person gets ear ache without a ear problem doctor has to suspect problems in teeth. Commonest dental problem causing earache is impacted wisdom teeth. This X Ray shows impaction of all four wisdom teeth. This is a special X ray of all 32 teeth in one film. It is called orthopantomogram. X rays are sent panoramically to take picture of all the teeth. So it is very convenient for the doctor to diagnose and treat dental problems.

IMPACTED WISDOM TOOTH

IMPACTED WISDOM TOOTH

Stone of submandibular duct

Stone of  submandibular ductTwo stones are seen in an x ray of the floor of the mouth. These stones are lodged in the ducts(drainage tube) of a salivary gland situated at the floor of the mouth. Patient has severe pain during meals associated with swelling under the lower jaw. Pain is due to saliva accumulation in the gland as the stones are not allowing the flow.

Epiglotitis

EpiglotitisThis picture depicts a swollen red epiglottis , an endotracheal tube under the epiglottis.(which was inserted to secure the airway)Causative organism is a bacterium called Haemophilus influenzae.

VOCAL CORD POLYP

VOCAL CORD POLYPThis picture depicts a polyp of one vocal cord with normal opposite cord.
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