Nose Surgeries

Nose Surgeries

ABSCESS OF DANGEROUS AREA OF FACEA

ABSCESS OF DANGEROUS AREA OF FACEAThe dangerous triangle of the face consists of the area from the corners of the mouth to the bridge of the nose, including the nose and maxilla.Due to the special nature of the blood supply to the human nose and surrounding area, it is possible (although very rare) for retrograde infections from the nasal area to spread to the brain. This picture depicts a pustule at the nostril. Diabetics are more prone to get this infection. Self inflicted trauma of nose such as nose picking cause infection of hair follicle with severe pain.

SEPTAL ABSCESS

SEPTAL ABSCESSThis picture depicts a nose with a swelling of the middle partition or septum due to an abscess. Nasal obstruction is the most common presenting symptom seen with septal abscess. Others include nose pain, general malaise, fever, headache, and tenderness over the nose. The presenting symptoms depend on the cause.

ANATOMY OF NOSE / SEPTUM

ANATOMY OF NOSE / SEPTUM

This picture shows midline septum of the nose when the nasal lining is removed. There is both bone and cartilage in it. Blue colour represents cartilage.

Nasal septum is not always in the centre. When it is grossly deviated to one side, there is nasal  block and snoring. This deviation is usually due to fracture of bone or cartilage following trauma.

ANATOMY OF NOSE / LATERAL WALL

ANATOMY OF NOSE / LATERAL WALL

This pictures shows  the interior of the side wall of the  nose. There are three bony projections called turbinates,at three levels. The uppermost one is the smallest.   They are full of blood vessels which are sensitive to weather changes and hormone changes.The turbinates help  to warm inspired air and add water vapour before it reaches  the lungs.  

 

coronal_ct_scan_eyes_conchae.jpg

coronal_ct_scan_eyes_conchae.jpgThis picture depicts a CT scan image of paranasal sinuses with collection of pus in the sinuses on the left side. Sinusitis The sinuses are air filled cavities located in the bones of the face. The sinuses are divided into groups based on their location and are named maxillary, ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses. Sinusitis is inflammation or infection of one or more of the sinuses.

Correction of Nasal Deformities

please tell me about rhinoplasty? Is it done here in Sri Lanka? Thanks
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Septoplasty Patient Education Leaflet

Septoplasty is the operation to correct the nasal septum.

Nasal Polypectomy - Patient Education Leaflet

Nasal Polypectomy is a common surgical procedure done in ENT unit. For patients with nasal polyps first medical management is tried. This include nasal drops and some times pills. In patients who are not responding surgery is offered.

Removal of foreign body

Removal of foreign body

Small hard foreign body in the outer part of ear canal can be removed with a fine hook. This should be attempted by an experienced doctor under direct vision. If the doctor is not skilled, foreign body can get impacted further.

It is therefore wiser to refer the patient directly to an ENT surgeon who has the skill and correct instruments for extraction of the object.

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