Surgeries Images and Videos

EAR LOBE SEPSIS

EAR LOBE SEPSIS

Ear lobe sepsis after ear piercing can lead to scar tissue formation.

This picture depicts a large keloid of ear lobe following sepsis.

People with black skin are more prone to scar and keloid formation. Scar formation can be prevented if the initial ear piercing is done under sterile conditions. If the puncture site is infected, skin is exposed to the metals of the ear stud. This can lead to reaction and scar formation.

It is difficult to treat the keloid by excision only. It needs a steriod injection to prevent recrurrence.

ANATOMY OF NOSE / SEPTUM

ANATOMY OF NOSE / SEPTUM

This picture shows midline septum of the nose when the nasal lining is removed. There is both bone and cartilage in it. Blue colour represents cartilage.

Nasal septum is not always in the centre. When it is grossly deviated to one side, there is nasal  block and snoring. This deviation is usually due to fracture of bone or cartilage following trauma.

ANATOMY OF NOSE / LATERAL WALL

ANATOMY OF NOSE / LATERAL WALL

This pictures shows  the interior of the side wall of the  nose. There are three bony projections called turbinates,at three levels. The uppermost one is the smallest.   They are full of blood vessels which are sensitive to weather changes and hormone changes.The turbinates help  to warm inspired air and add water vapour before it reaches  the lungs.  

 

CHOLESTEATOMA IN PATIENTS WITH EAR DISCHARGE

CHOLESTEATOMA IN PATIENTS WITH EAR DISCHARGE

This picture shows two ear drums parall to each other. In the left ,a normal drum covered with normal skin is depicted. In the right , a skin pocket filled with dead cells seen towards the upper part of the drum. This is called cholesteatoma. This skin pocket can grow deeper within the bone causing harm to the structures it comes across.

USE OF CPAP MACHINE IN OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNOEA

USE OF CPAP MACHINE IN OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNOEAThe first picture shows normal open air way during sleep.Air enters through nose and goes to trachea. The tongue and the palate is in normal position.

facial nerve palsy

facial nerve palsyFacial Nerve Injuries and Paralysis There are actually two facial nerves, one on each side of the head. The facial nerve or 7th cranial nerve is known as a "cranial nerve" since it starts in the brain. It then sends branches out to the face, neck, salivary glands (secrete saliva into the mouth), and the outer ear. A normal functioning facial nerve allows us to move our face and neck (smile, frown, wrinkle our nose and forehead), secrete saliva, lets the front of the tongue "taste" food, and makes us cough when something is placed in the ear.

coronal_ct_scan_eyes_conchae.jpg

coronal_ct_scan_eyes_conchae.jpgThis picture depicts a CT scan image of paranasal sinuses with collection of pus in the sinuses on the left side. Sinusitis The sinuses are air filled cavities located in the bones of the face. The sinuses are divided into groups based on their location and are named maxillary, ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses. Sinusitis is inflammation or infection of one or more of the sinuses.

Coin the throat

Coin the throatSmall children swallow coins and it is very common all over the world. Although coins are stuck in the food passage,child may get breathing difficulty due to compression of the air way. Therefore it is necessary to take the child to hospital as soon as possible. In the hospital, coin will be removed under anesthesia.

Parotid gland

Parotid glandParotid salivary gland is situated at the root of the ear lobe. The facial nerve which supplies the muscles of facial expression is under the gland. Among all the salivary glands, Parotid has the highest incidence of tumours. To diagnose parotid swellings, ultra sound scanning and fine needle aspiration biopsy helps. Sometimes CT and MRI scans are done to decide the depth of tumour and the spread to the surrounding tissue.