Surgeries Images and Videos

GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

Cleft Palate

Cleft  Palate

PERITONSILLAR ABSCESS

PERITONSILLAR  ABSCESS

A peritonsillar abscess forms in the tissues of the throat next to the tonsils.

Ranula

RanulaA ranula is a swelling found on the floor of the mouth. They present as a swelling of collected mucin from a ruptured salivary gland duct, which is usually caused by local trauma. The latin rana means frog, and a ranula is so named because its appearance is sometimes compared to a frog's underbelly.The gland that most likely causes a ranula is the sublingual gland.Rarely submandibular gland may be involved.

BATTLE SIGN

BATTLE SIGNBattle's Sign is extreme tenderness and discolouration behind the ear in the area of the mastoid process of the skull, and is an acute sign of basilar skull fracture with local bleeding. Anyone with a history of very recent head trauma with this sign should be sent to the hospital for an immediate CT scan. Named after Dr. William Henry Battle, an English surgeon.

ACCESSORY EAR

ACCESSORY EARAccessory auricles - these look like skin tags and occur adjacent to a normally placed pinna.Sometimes there is cartilage within the tag.This can be removed by surgery. The nerve of muscles of facial expression (7th cranial nerve) is situated closer to the deep attachment of the accessory ear cartilage.If the surgeon does not keep this in mind, this nerve can get damaged during avulsion of the cartilage.

AURICULAR ABSCESS

AURICULAR ABSCESS. "High" piercing, which requires puncture through the cartilage of the upper two third of the pinna may cause auricular perichondritis and abscess formation. Loss of cartilage due to poor blood supply results in an unsightly deformity known as "cauliflower ear," which has a poor chance of good reconstruction. the usual infective agent in auricular perichondritis is a bacterium called Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In the early phase of infection, treatment should focus on eradicating this bacteuium.

PERICHONDRITIS

PERICHONDRITISThis picture depicts a discoloured ear due to infection of the underlying cartilage following unheigenic high ear piercing. Our outer ear is made up of cartilage. Cartilage does not contain blood vessels. It takes nutrition from the thin outer membrane called the perichondrium. When there is a infection of perichondrium, there is a risk of cartilage being deprived of nutrition resulting in cartilage damage. This may lead to a deformed ear known as "cauliflower ear," which has a poor chance of good reconstruction.

EXAMINATION OF THE EAR UNDER THE MICROSCOPE (EUM)

EXAMINATION OF THE EAR UNDER THE MICROSCOPE  (EUM)

Outer and middle ear conditions cannot be diagnosed without examination under magnification. Otoscope gives a magnfication of four.  The ear microscope gives a higher magnification and more freedum to the doctor to use suction and other instruments in the ear.

This is not a painful procedure. Therefore can be done as an out patient procedure.

When there is discharge in the ear, suction helps to visualize the drum.

Before we plan any ear surgeries, EUM has to be done.

Foreign bodies in the ear are better removed under the microscope.